African Youth, Migration And Poverty

Young men and women in Africa migrate to cities to in search of better opportunities to escape poverty. These youth find themselves in vulnerable environments and are unprepared for the risks that await them in ill-equipped cities. Some cross boarders to other countries. These environments expose them to violent acts, theft, robbery, drug abuse and become susceptible to traffickers when basic needs cannot be met. Governments’ recognition of this trend is crucial as the youth represent the legacy of the past and the successes or failures of the future and must prioritize investments and programs in improved agricultural practices in order to expand young rural farmers and entrepreneurial capabilities to produce food and conserve the land’s natural resources while providing them with the technical skills and abilities. At the international level, youth unemployment and poverty is recognized as an urgent issue. This urgency is evidenced by the United Nations 17 Sustainable Development Goal. This approach will provide governments with the opportunity to diminish youth migration and marginalization, as well as to reduce poverty
According World Bank (2009), approximately one person in two subsists on less than US $1.25 per day, with approximately 70 percent living in rural areas, 32 of the 48 poorest countries are located in Sub Saharan Africa, which is faces conflicts, undemocratic governments, and epidemics like HIV/AIDS.
The declining standard of living is further constrained by lack of quality and quantity of productive labor force due to youth migration. Africa and Uganda in particular cannot complete a demographic transition to improve socio-economic development on the continent.
The progress to provide adequate basic health care and education among youth are hampered by rapid population growth. In urban areas, this is reflected by higher levels of unemployment among young people than among other members of the labor force. In rural areas, youth experience higher levels of unemployment and underemployment due to fewer opportunities for labor productivity and rural incomes.
Most rural employment is in small-scale agriculture, where the traditional role of youth consists of unpaid farm work, rather than functioning as farmers in their own right. This is typically due to customary rules of land use, which limit access to land for rural youth. Even in countries with formal agricultural sectors, rural unemployment is rising. In Kenya, for example, rural youth unemployment has reached over 33 percent (Economic Report on Africa 2005). This collective effect has a direct impact on the ability for youth to break their cycle of poverty which forces the to look out for greener pastures else where and fall prey to traffickers for example.
Young women need special attention as gender disparities continue to impend girls such as early marriages. Often, there is limited access to educational programs that address their specific situations and needs that results high school drop outs, lack of relevant skillful labor force.
As a compounding factor, education can be cost prohibitive and sometimes viewed as unnecessary in an agricultural society that is dependent upon farm working. Therefore, most youth remain poor, three out
of every four live on less than US $2 per day lacking the resources and skills to be competitive (World Bank 2009).
Migration is not only a coping mechanism to escape poverty, it is an opportunity for rural young people to feel a sense of pride, self-respect, and be viewed as leaders within their family and their broader community. Young people view migration as an avenue to improve their status, learn new skills, and transit into adulthood. As a consequence, migration continues to serve as the means to improve rural livelihoods.
Youth are an integral component of the migrant population, both in terms of volume, and the effects they have on both their points of origin and destination. Estimates are that 15 percent (approximately 26 million) of the migrant population are youth (Touray 2006). Youth are particularly disadvantaged; with inadequately developed education and skills, many find limited employment opportunities in the cities. Most face a future of low-wage employment, unemployment, underemployment, poverty, drugs, and crime. The arrival of rural migrants worsens the situation by expanding the pool of young urban job seekers, which reduces the pressure on employers to offer competitive incomes and work standards to their workers.
Urban centers are becoming over crowded, putting pressure on insufficient infrastructures and other are risking it all to cross boarders like recent African migrants crossing the Mediterranean sea to Europe, middle East, where actually majority of Africans go in hope for a better life. This has created a new form of poverty in urban areas. More commonly, girls are exploited, influenced, poorly paid, and become sex slaves to pay for their basic needs.
With the rising incidence of poverty, crime, prostitution, violence, and exploitation, Africa’s migrating youth are in an age troubled with probable pressure exacerbated by ill-prepared and hasty urbanization. As a consequence, many rural migrants are no better off in the city than they were in their village. Life in the city has resulted in marginalization and lack of social exclusion.
In conclusion, to reduce the rate and negative consequences of rapid urbanization, policy efforts that empower and integrate rural youth into agricultural-based activities are necessary. If governments were to commit to this investment, the desire to migrate would diminish. Youth could evolve into agents of change with the capacity to improve their living standards, which is considered essential to promote sustainable rural livelihoods. The national governments in Africa need to provide rural youth with a means to stay in their communities. This can be accomplished by incorporating the youth into national development strategies that promote improved rural living standards in conjunction with national strategies that diminish the current rate of rural-urban migration For example, rural youth can generate increased agricultural production through an investment in innovative, eco-friendly planting practices, and post-harvest methods, a technology that is widely unrecognized. This type of infrastructure support, incentive, and land reform will help young people in rural areas fuel economic growth

I was brought from the village to work as a housemaid #SexWorkerDiaries

We must do more to give hope to people in Kemirembe’s situation, we must give them alternative and it now we should act.

Pru's Notebook

This is the story of Kemirembe a 24-year-old sex worker in Bwaise Kimombasa.

“When I was 16, a woman picked me from my village in Bushenyi to work as a housemaid. I saw this as an opportunity because I wasn’t going to school. My parents were poor. All I had were the clothes on my back and two others in a black polythene bag. When we reached Kampala, she took me to the home in Kasubi.

I never saw that woman again.

At my newly found place of work, my boss had three kids. I woke up at 5 every morning to prepare the kids for school, prepared breakfast, cleaned the house, took care of the baby, washed dishes, prepared dinner, bathed the kids and put them to bed. I would sleep at eleven or midnight. This was my daily routine.

Whenever she came back from work, my boss would…

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Why Companies Can No Longer Afford to Ignore Their Social Responsibilities

Business & Money

In 1970, the economist and Nobel laureate Milton Friedman published an article in The New York Times Magazine titled, “The Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits.” In the article, he referred to corporate social responsibility (CSR) programs as “hypocritical window-dressing,” and said that businesspeople inclined toward such programs “reveal a suicidal impulse.” Even four decades ago, at a time of growing public concern for the environment, his views represented the general skepticism and contempt with which many in Corporate America viewed CSR.

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Why Companies should review Corporate Social Responsibility

Media houses, governments and public, activists are becoming more interested at holding companies to account for the social consequences of their activities. Different companies ranging from banking, Telecom, manufacturing and Production have been here (Uganda) and globally engaging themselves by committing a certain portion of their proceeds to CRS.

In this particular article i propose a new way of thinking by looking at a positive relationship between doing a dignified business and society that does not treat corporate success and social welfare as a zero-sum game.

CSR is absolutely critical to any company strategy – but if you stop there it is corporate “risk management”, a necessary cost of doing business. therefore corporate companies should identify issues that affect the public and address them. Nike, for example, faced an extensive consumer boycott after the New York Times and other media outlets reported abusive labor practices at some of its Indonesian suppliers in the early 1990s. Oil giant Royal Dutch Shell agreed to a $84m (£55m) settlement with residents of the Bodo community in the Niger Delta for two oil spills.

Different activist organisations have been formed lately to create awareness and eradicate and they have been more aggressive and effective in engaging public to hold companies accountable on their operations. Most companies do not know what to do to mitigate risks that come up with less effort towards CSR. Therefore in the near future there might a shift in consumer behavior where consumers would buy goods that have a social cause. A good example is www.notforsaleale.com, a company among it’s major objectives is to sell it’s products and channel it’s profits to stop human trafficking.

Corporations are not responsible for all the world’s problems, nor do they have the resources to solve them all. Each company can identify the particular set of societal problems that it is best equipped to help resolve and from which it can gain the greatest competitive benefit

Commeration of the Kampala Bombings

Every July 11th we commemorate the Kampala bombings in which such a terrorist act occurred in Uganda capital that claimed many football diehards.Image

It was an evening full of excitement among the football fans waiting to watch who would actually take the worlds most prestigious trophy in football between two countries Spain and Netherlands. It was before the final whistle that the twin bombings occurred in Kadondo rugby ground and Ethiopian village restaurant in Kabalagala a Kampala suburb  that claimed over 70 lives.

For all those who lost their loved ones, may you be strong and trust in God in flash backs of the tragic moment.

 

Its Higuain to Arsenal

Widespread reports in Argentina on Thursday confirm that Gonzalo Higuain is heading to Arsenal to finally sign for the north London giants.

The long mooted move looks set to be completed after Arsenal agreed a 23 million pound fee with Real Madrid.Image